Modern Middle East, 1798-present
MWF 10:30-11:20, Apple Tree
Office Dalrymple 12, Office hours TBD
"The principal turning point in the history of the Near East since 1923 is neither the end of European domination nor the rise of the oil industry but the replacement of the notables by new groups composed of what one might call a state middle class of bureaucrats and army officers during the great secular revolutions of the 1950s and 1960s." -- M. E. Yapp, The Near East Since the First World War (Essex: Pearson, 1996), p. 38.
This course examines the history of the modern Middle East through the lenses of conflict and its cessation. What has the "monopoly on legitimate force within territorial borders" looked like in this region during Empire, colonial domination, monarchy, nationalism, popular uprisings? The region has experienced terms of peace - treaties, colonial and Mandatory power-sharing agreements, population exchanges and cleansings, forced expulsions, identitarian violence, peace accords, arms and aid deals, foreign-orchestrated coups and regime changes - that have often proved as divisive as declared wars between internationally recognized parties. The Global War on Terror has ushered in an era of less visible, less accountable warfare: flourishing of asymmetrical conflicts, occupations, insurgency and counterinsurgency, political and religious terrorism, remote and air-based warfare, proxy warfare, military reliance on sub-contracted labor, aid, development and humanitarian infrastructure that can augment or compete with exercise of state authority.
All or most of the course readings are open-source and/ or attached on this website as PDFs. Please PRINT OUT the readings, read actively (see texts in folder below), and bring them with you to class.
Attendance & Participation = 20 %
***MAP QUIZ ON FRIDAY, SEPT. 8*** = 5 %
Short papers x 3 = 15 %
Midterm = 10 %
Annotated Bibliography (including main research question) for research paper = 10 %
Peer Review of research paper draft = 10 %
Final paper, 15-20pp. = 20 %
Final exam = 10 %