From the period of the earliest Christian rituals to the late nineteenth century a substantial amount of pictorial and sculptural art in Europe was focused on connecting human experience and ritual practice to the experience of and with the divine. This class begins by examining the creation of a particular Christian iconography. We will look at the artistic traditions out of which Christian art sprung both textual and visual and analyze the choices made in the creation of a canonical language of Christian imagery. During this section of the class students will be required to read the entirety of the New Testament and excerpts of the Hebrew Bible. We will then examine the strains placed upon that production in various periods from the Iconoclastic controversy, to the rise of Humanism in the European Renaissance to the Enlightenment.