The reason for being of this tutorial is to prepare me for future Plan work. The Austroasiatic- and Austronesian-speaking nations of the Central Highlands (who are commonly known under the appellations of Montagnard, Degar, Dega, and &quot;moi&quot; [a term of opprobrium]) have an ancient history with which few persons are familiar. A number of these nations featured prominently in the history of the Cham principalities, with which they carried on a vigorous commerce and from which they received a number of their sociocultural institutions. Since my Plan of Concentration will concern the Cham, I believe that it is of supreme importance for me to develop an intimate acquaintance with these historically significant groups. Such would also enable me to understand the continuing salience of Champa identity in &quot;Mountain Cham&quot; (e.g., Raglai, E De, Jarai, et al.) conceptions of history, culture, religion, and hierarchy. I will also seek to examine the historical status of these upland-dwelling minorities vis-Ã -vis their Cham and Vietnamese overlords. The effects of French colonialism, the First and Second Indochina Wars, and Vietnamese migration to the highlands will also be a focus. I will also investigate the 20th-century emergence of a pan-ethnic Montagnard identity; modern resistance to the Vietnamese state, which has manifested itself chiefly in the adoption of Evangelicalism (specifically that of the Holiness order); and Vietnamese efforts to integrate these groups into the national culture while simultaneously preserving their separate identities through special bilingual education programs and ethnic minority beauty pageants.
I will be especially concerned with studying the &quot;management of diversity&quot; by the Vietnamese state, whose policies have been much shaped by those of the Soviet Union and China. Thus, in order to fully appreciate the history and character of the Vietnamese state's approach to matters of ethnicity, difference, and national integration, I will also examine the politics of ethnic classification and representation in the Soviet Union and China.